“Freedom of information” applies very widely in the UK. Public bodies in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland subject to FOIA include:

Some public bodies, eg the bank of England and the BBC, have extra exemptions. Others are absent from the list, including: the security service (MI5); the secret intelligence service (MI6); the signals intelligence agency, GCHQ; special forces; and the national criminal intelligence service.

And “freedom of information” applies widely around the world...